Zahra Khanom Tadj es-Saltaneh

She has been called a feminist and a socialist. In her memoir, Taj-al-Saltaneh is very outspoken in criticizing patriarchy and the backwardness of her father, and her brother, Mozaffar-al-Din Shah. When she talks about her pain after her father’s assassination, she reminds the reader of her greater suffering about Iran’s present and future: